Welsh dating welsh
making it the only language that is de jure official in any part of the United Kingdom, with English being de facto official.
Thus, official documents and procedures require Welsh and English to be given equality in the conduct of the proceedings of the National Assembly for Wales.
The Bible translations into Welsh helped maintain the use of Welsh in daily life.
The New Testament was translated by William Salesbury in 1567 followed by the complete Bible by William Morgan in 1588.
Classified as Insular Celtic, the British language probably arrived in Britain during the Bronze Age or Iron Age and was probably spoken throughout the island south of the Firth of Forth.
During the Early Middle Ages the British language began to fragment due to increased dialect differentiation, thus evolving into Welsh and the other Brittonic languages. This Primitive Welsh may have been spoken in both Wales and the Hen Ogledd ("Old North") - the Brittonic-speaking areas of what is now northern England and southern Scotland - and therefore may have been the ancestor of Cumbric as well as Welsh.
It is also the language of the existing Welsh law manuscripts.
Middle Welsh is reasonably intelligible to a modern-day Welsh speaker.
The earliest Welsh poetry – that attributed to the Cynfeirdd or "Early Poets" – is generally considered to date to the Primitive Welsh period.
The Modern Welsh period is where one can see a decline in the popularity of the Welsh language, as the number of people who spoke Welsh declined to the point at which there was concern that the language would become extinct entirely.
Welsh government processes and legislation have worked to increase the proliferation of the Welsh language throughout school projects and the like.
The famous cleric Gerald of Wales tells, in his Descriptio Cambriae, a story of King Henry II of England.
During one of the King's many raids in the 12th century, Henry asked an old man of Pencader, Carmarthenshire whether the Welsh people could resist his army.
The United Kingdom Census 2011 recorded that 19% of people aged three and over who live in Wales can speak Welsh, a decrease from the 20.8% recorded in 2001.